Brussel sprouts are a cruciferous vegetable and member of the cabbage family. Brassica is a genus of plants containing cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and kale, among others.
Brussel sprouts get their name from the capital city of Belgium, where they first became popular in the 16th century.
Love them or hate them Brussel sprouts frequently appear during the winter months, most notably at Christmas, where they are usually served as a side with a Christmas Dinner.
How To Cook Brussel Sprouts
The best way to cook Brussel sprouts for taste is by steaming them, but other standard methods are used, depending on what recipe you are making.
One top tip is not to overcook Brussel sprouts as this can cause them to lose their natural nutty flavour.
An excellent way to check if the sprouts are done is to pierce them with a fork; if they are still firm, then the sprouts are not ready yet.
Brussel sprouts can be eaten raw, but it is best to blanch them first as this will help preserve their colour and stop them from tasting too bitter.
Steam – add sprouts to a steamer over boiling water, steam for 5 to 8 minutes.
Boil – add sprouts and cook in boiling salted water for 5 minutes.
Sauté or pan-fry – heat 1 tbsp oil or butter and 1 tbsp of water and add the Brussel sprouts before cooking over medium heat for 5 to 10 minutes.
Roast – add sprouts to a roasting dish with 1 tbsp of oil or butter and roast at 200C/400F for 15 minutes.
Grill – add Brussel sprouts directly to the grill pan and cook over medium heat for 4 to 6 minutes, turning frequently.
Related: How To Cook Brussel Sprouts
How To Store Brussel Sprouts
When raw, store Brussel sprouts in the fridge for up to 5 days, or when frozen, for up to 12 months.
Brussel sprouts should keep well if placed in a perforated bag and kept at the bottom of your refrigerator where it is coldest.
Brussel sprouts are best eaten within 24 hours of cooking them.
Can You Freeze Brussel Sprouts
Yes, Brussel sprouts can be frozen after they have been blanched and then cooled quickly.
It is best to freeze the sprouts spread out on a baking tray and then transfer them to a freezer bag once they are frozen. This will stop them from sticking together during the freezing process.
Brussel sprouts will last for up to 12 months in the freezer.
When Are Brussel Sprouts In Season?
Brussel sprouts are in season in the UK between October and March.
How To Grow Brussel Sprouts
Brussel sprouts can be grown indoors or outdoors, although outdoors is more typical.
The type of Brussel sprout will determine whether they need to be grown in full sun or partial shade.
The plant has yellow flowers and looks very much like any other kind of cabbage.